, 2011 4 (25)

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1. . /B. Sypniewski
Rowan University Camden Campus, NJ (United States of America)


PRELIMINARY COMMENTS ON THE USE OF EXPECTATIONS AND EXPECTATION PROCEDURES IN HARD SCIENCE LINGUISTICS
0421100038\0027

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Keywords: hard Science Linguistics, expectation, communicative behavior, expectation procedure, state of affairs, linkage, conversation, event

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This article assumes that the basis of communicative activity is the expectation. Waiting is described as follows: communicants believe that during Tp other communicants commits during Tf an action s. This formula allows us to solve many of linguistic issues, in particular the problem of equivalence of expression and deixis.

....  /B. Sypniewski              \PRELIMINARY COMMENTS ON THE USE OF EXPECTATIONS AND EXPECTATION PROCEDURES IN HARD SCIENCE LINGUISTICS    .  /B. Sypniewski              \PRELIMINARY COMMENTS ON THE USE OF EXPECTATIONS AND EXPECTATION PROCEDURES IN HARD SCIENCE LINGUISTICS

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COMMUNICATIVE SPACE OF FLATTERY DISCOURSE
0421100038\0028

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Keywords: communicative space, flattery, assessment, characteristics

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Different levels of interaction between interactants by realization of flattery discourse have been considered, fundamental characteristics of flattery have been defined, reasonability of its use has been revealed in this article.

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THE DENOTATIONAL FIELD OF EVALUATION IN MODERN ENGLISH LANGUAGE
0421100038\0029

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Keywords: evaluation, verbs of evaluative action, sentence, supra-phrasal unity, situation, proposition, participant, argument, empathy.

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The paper focuses on the semantic and syntactic structure of sentences and supra-phrasal unities which reflect one of the most significant intellectual actions evaluation, with the specific character and regularities of the means of conceptualization of the evaluative process in modern English being defined. The interaction of lexical and syntactic semantics is being considered not only on the sentence level but also on the level of a supra-phrasal unity with verbs of evaluation, which testifies that the denotational field of evaluation belongs to the level of text.

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TOWARDS THE DIACHRONY OF LANGUAGE SYSTEM (BASED ON THE THEORY OF DIACHRONIC CONSTANTS OF S. SONDEREGGER)
0421100038\0030

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Keywords
: diachrony, diachronic linguistics, diachronic constant, inconstant features, variant flexion of adjective

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In the article the identity of diachronic approach in researching of language phenomena is revealed. Diachronic linguistics determinates the causes of language variations, the time of their beginning and finishing, the development paths of these processes. S. Sonderegger offers the new analyses method of German language history in systematized prospect. The study of language history as a constant dialectical unity of the old and the new language facts sneaks up on a question of the diachronic constants in the language evolution and of the inconstant features in the history of German language system.

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CONTRASTIVE LINGUO-HISTORICAL ANALYSIS OF THE CATEGORY OF CHARITY
0421100038\0031

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Keywords: compassion, charity, sympathy, vocabulary, language

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This article is researching for the concept of compassion in the Russian language. In this paper we used historic-etymological and explanatory dictionaries. The relevance of article justified by the need deeper understanding of the phenomenon of compassion as the most important concepts and categories of the moral system of society.

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HEADING AS MEANS OF A SEMANTIC DEFAMATION IN LEGAL MASS-MADIA TEXTS (ON THE MATERIALS OF TVER NEWSPAPERS)
0421100038\0032

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Keywords:  semantic defamation, heading, legal text, information, mass-madia

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The semantic analysis of headings of legal texts of printing mass-media (on a material of the Tver newspapers) is presented in the article. The conclusion that discrepancy of heading to the publication maintenance at level of semantic value leads to a semantic defamation is drawn.

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PARAMETRIC VOCABULARY`S STRATIFICATION OF FRISIAN-ENGLISH DICTIONARY
0421100038\0033

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Keywords: quantitative lexicology, length of words, syntagmatic activity of words, synonymic set, polysemy, the Frisian language

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The article deals with the quantitative analysis of the vocabulary of the Frisian-English dictionary according to the functional, syntagmatic, paradigmatic and epidigmatic parameters. The aim of the investigation is to single out the lexico-semantic nuclear of the Frisian language. The work is based on the theoretical conception of parametric analysis suggested by V. Titov.

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THE STOCKING OF SLANG WITH NEW VOCABULARY UNITS
0421100038\0034

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Keywords: general slang, special slang, stocking, mechanism of word formation, language.

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In the article the author gives special attention to such a linguistic phenomenon as slang and to such particular questions as the ways of stocking the vocabulary of this substandard layer with new words. The author analyses the reasons of including new words in slang, and also focuses on the classifications of ways of formation the new slang units in the language. The author comes to the conclusion that it is in the sphere of slang where all social changes of today are reflected, and that is the reason of such a great number of new slangisms in the language.

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MACROSTRUCTURE OF DISCOURSE. LINGUISTIC AND CULTURAL FEATURES OF COMMUNICATORS (CONTINUATION)

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DO WE NEED LINGVOECOLOGY?
0421100038\0035

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Keywords:  language, speech, lingvoecology, sign, script

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Lingvoecology is an essential component of global environment which proplems are very specific. Nomogenetic destruktemes and ortogenetic destruktemes also are important for lingvoecology.

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Bernard Sypniewski\

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