WORLD OF LINGUISTICS AND COMMUNICATION 2018, 3


CONTENT


  I. PUBLICATIONS

1. Ą.A. Romanov, L.A. Romanova, O.N. Morozova
Tver State Agricultural Academy, Tver

Tver State University, Tver

POLITICAL INTERVIEW AS A TOOL OF VERBAL AGGRESSIVE INFLUENCE OF "SOFT FORCES" IN INFORMATION CONFRONTATION
ID: 0421200038\XXXX

Key words: verbal aggression, "soft power", political TV interview, provocation, frame

  The article reveals the communicative resource of discursive aggressive practices as a factor of "soft power" in the information war acts, used as an integrated functional model with the purpose of effective influence on the partner in dialogical interaction.

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Reviewed. Recommended for publication

Citation: Romanov A. A. Romanova L.A., Morozova O.N. Political interview as a tool of verbal aggressive influence of “soft forces” in information confrotation // World of linguistics and communication: electronic scientific journal. – 2018, ¹ 3. – Š. 1–50. Access mode: www.tverlingua.ru


2. G.L. Denisova
Togliatti State University, Togliatti

THE TIME CATEGORY IN A POLITICAL CARTOON
ID: 0421200038\XXXX

Key words: political cartoon, creolized text, polycode text, text categories, time category, time dimension, retrospective reference, prospective reference

  The article approaches the political cartoon as a creolized text with the time category similar to that inherent in a homogeneous verbal text. The purpose of this study is to identify the potential of employing verbal and iconic means to express temporal characteristics in a message in the form of a political cartoon. The means conveying temporal characteristics in a cartoon are defined with the help of the textual network method in combination with the linguistic description and the contextual and definitional analysis. The genre peculiarity of the political cartoon as a type of message, namely, the immediate refraction of reality through the prism of the cartoonist’s vision, implies simultaneity of the reference moment and the event, or, in other words, location of the time point in the present. Moreover, analysis of Walter Hanel’s cartoons proves the fact that, in the political cartoon, locating the time point in the present does not exclude the variety of time dimensions in the message. Using diverse codes (both verbal and non-verbal) in one message and appealing to the message addressee’s background knowledge and logic the artist can specify the time actual for the message, introduce the traces of the past into the present and make projections onto the future. The article demonstrates the variety of time dimensions in cartoons, describes the construction peculiarities of the former, and the methods linking a message to the actual time through certain verbal and iconic means. It also considers the instruments used to project the message events on the historic time vector and to realize retrospection and prospection.

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Reviewed. Recommended for publication

  Citation: Denisova G.L. The time category in a political cartoon // World of linguistics and communication: electronic scientific journal. – 2018, ¹ 3. – Š. 51–69. Access mode: www.tverlingua.ru

 


3. O.G. Artemova, A.A. Kretov
Voronezh State Technical University, Voronezh
Voronezh State University, Voronezh

ANALYSIS OF LINKING MARKEMES IN BRITISH PROSE OF THE LATTER HALF OF THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY
ID: 0421200038\XXXX

Key words: markeme, Index of Textual Markedness, correlation coefficient, centre of attraction, markeme linking power, British prose, authors markeme distance visualization

 The article presents the analysis of linking markemes in the reference to specific centres of attraction in the texts of British prose writers of the latter half of the seventeenth century. The authors determined total and individual capacity of the centres of attraction, performed stratification and analysis of the linking markemes, studied markeme specificity of each centre and defined markemes which provide the indirect link between the centres of attraction and suggested the method of visualization the links between literary contemporaries.

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Reviewed. Recommended for publication

  Citation: Artemova O.G., Kretov A.A. Analysis of linking in British prose of the latter half of the seventeenth century // World of linguistics and communication: electronic scientific journal. – 2018, ¹ 3. – Š. 70–88. Access mode: www.tverlingua.ru


 

  II. MATERIALS AND REPORTS

4. G.G. Yakovleva
Chuvash State University named after Ulyanov I.N, Cheboksary

DISCOURSE CHARACTERISTIKC OF VOCATIVES IN LANGUAGES OF DIFFERENT STRUCTURES
ID: 0421200038\XXXX

Key words: communication, regulation, function, vocative, dialogue

The article deals with vocative acts in the Russian, Chuvash, German and English languages and describes their discourse functions in the communication.

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Reviewed. Recommended for publication

  Citation: Yakovleva G.G. Discourse characteristics of vocatives in language of different structures // World of linguistics and communication: electronic scientific journal. – 2018, ¹ 3. – Š. 89–102. Access mode: www.tverlingua.ru


5. A.A. Kazantseva, A.V. Stasyuk
Tver State Agricultural Academy, Tver

THE UTTERANCES WITH THE MEANING OF COMPLIMENT IN THE EDUCATIONAL DISCOURSE
ID: 0421200038\XXXX

Key words: utterance, compliment, speech act, educational discourse, method, questionnaire, characteristic

  The article focuses on the compliment as speech act. In the article the authors turn to the studying the utterances’ using with the meaning of compliment in the educational discourse. To study this phenomenon was used the method of questionnaire, because it allows in a short time to identify a large number of completely different characteristics of the research’s subject. The literary sources do not give such a literal picture for analysis.

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Reviewed. Recommended for publication

  Citation: Kazantseva Ą.Ą., Stasyuk Ą.V. The utterances with the meaning of compliment in the educational discourse // World of linguistics and communication: electronic scientific journal. – 2018, ¹ 3. – Š. 103–112. Access mode: www.tverlingua.ru


6. A.G. Tehova
North Ossetian State University named after K.L. Khetagurova, Vladikavkaz

MENTAL CONTENT OF THE CONCEPT OF FYTSTAG (FIRST) (on the material of the story "The White Dreams" by Ossetian writer Guchmazti A.)

ID: 0421200038\XXXX

Key words: concept, verbalization of the concept, national-value component, mentality

This article is devoted to the analysis of the concept of fytstsag (first) in the story of ossetian writer A.A. Guchmazti "White dreams" ("Urs fynta").This concept contains information about a number of spiritual, ethical values of the people. In particular, the attitude towards the guest, savvy and courage of a man, the reason for humiliation of one person by another, etc. are revealed. Acts, conversations of the main actors, Mate and Places, are the answer to the question of what is valuable in a person's life, what is his joy and sadness. The point of view of the author of the story about the spiritual essence of man is in many ways revealed by the contextual content of the concept of fytstsag first and its substitutes. The moral and moral norms postulated in the story can be called universal. They give an idea of the relations of people in a particular society and that a person's desire to be the first makes him an example to follow.

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Reviewed. Recommended for publication

  Citation: Tehova A.G. Mental content of the concept of Fytstag (First) (on the material of the story "The White Dreams" by Ossetian writer Guchmazti A.) // World of linguistics and communication: electronic scientific journal. – 2018, ¹ 3. – Š. 113–122. Access mode: www.tverlingua.ru


 

  III. RESEARCH

7. Ą.S. Kurkina, I.A. Sternin
Voronezh State University, Voronezh

DOMINANT FEATURES OF COMMUNICATIVE PERSONALITY OF ANTON CHEKHOV
ID: 0421200038\XXXX

Key words: language personality, communicative personality, communicative behavior, dominant features of a communicative personality, communicative personality Ą.P. Chekhov

 In this article we are describing the communicative personality of A.P. Chekhov and propose a model of its description. The authors substantiate the concept of a communicative personality and also indicate a number of difficulties that arise in the study of the communicative behavior of a writer who has long since passed away, and describe in the article the main features of Chekhov's communicative personality. The authors select the source of the material as letters from A.P. Chekhov, and as an additional source memories of the writer's contemporaries are used. The article deals with the dominant features of the communicative personality of the writer, as well as the basic tendencies of the manifestation of his communicative personality and the dynamics of the development of his communicative personality. The proposed model of description of the writer's communicative personality can be used to describe the communicative personality of other writers of different times and peoples.

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Reviewed. Recommended for publication

  Citation: Kurkina A.S., Sternin I.A. Dominant features of communicative personality of Anton Chehov // World of linguistics and communication: electronic scientific journal. – 2018, ¹ 3. – Š. 123–152. Access mode: www.tverlingua.ru


8. E.V. Malysheva, A.L. Pogrebisskaya, J.M. Mishina
Tver State Agricultural Academy, Tver

Institute of foreign languages of the MAI (National Research University), Moscow

MASS MEDIA DISCOURSE OF AMERICAN POLITICIAN IN COMMUNICATIVE ASPECT (on the material of D. Trump's political speeches)
ID: 0421200038\XXXX

Key words: discourse, communicative aspect, communicative society, political communication, mass media, audience, nonverbal components

 The article deals with the features of mass media discourse of American president. The dominant element of this discourse is that the politician uses frequency (“typical”) gestures. In his speeches the politician actively uses various stylistic techniques. D. Trump`s state-patriotic discourse finds a wide response among readers and network audiences. Such features of the politician`s mass media discourse give reason to judge about his personality`s psychological “pattern” as a complex psycho-typical image that contains the dominant features of various psycho-types.

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Reviewed. Recommended for publication

  Citation: Malysheva E.V., Pogrebisskaya A.L., Mishina J.M. Mass media discourse of American politician in communicative aspect (on the material of D. Trump's political speeches) // World of linguistics and communication: electronic scientific journal. – 2018, ¹ 3. – Š. 153–167. Access mode: www.tverlingua.ru


9. N.I. Mironova, E.G. Smychkova
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow
Institute of Linguistics and Intercultural Communication of I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow

COGNITIVE SCHEME USING IN LANGUAGE TEACHING
ID: 0421200038\XXXX

Key words: teaching Russian to foreign students, Russian as a foreign language, cognitive scheme, cognitive graph, cognitive text analysis

 The article discusses an example of cognitive approach to teaching foreign students to read in Russian. This is about text analysis based on a cognitive scheme – the construct widely used in cognitive science to analyze the knowledge organization in memory. The teacher's scheme is the basis for the construction of the cognitive graph by students. The cognitive scheme helps to assimilate not only the content of the text, but also some morphological and syntactic rules of Russian by giving the opportunity to go beyond the text into the grammar of the language. The article provides an example of using a cognitive scheme for medical text analysis.

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Reviewed. Recommended for publication

  Citation: Mironova N.I., Smychkova E.G. Cognitive scheme using teaching // World of linguistics and communication: electronic scientific journal. – 2018, ¹ 3. – Š. 168–187. Access mode: www.tverlingua.ru


  OUR AUTHORS

Artemova Olga Grigorievna
Denisova Galina Leonidovna
Kazantseva Anastasia Aleksandrovna
Kretov Aleksey Aleksandrovich
Kurkina Alla Sergeevna
Malysheva Ekaterina Valerievna

Mironova Nataliya Izyaslavovna
Mishina Julia Mihailovna
Morozova Oksana Nikolaevna
Pogrebisskaya Anna Lvovna
Romanov Aleksey Arkadievich
Romanova Larisa Alekseevna

Smychkova Elena Glebovna
Stasyuk Alexandr Viktorovich
Sternin Iosif Abramovich
Tehova Alena Gennadievna
Yakovleva Galina Grigorievna

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